Introduction to neural networks
Like nanotechnology, neural networking is the use of technology to design and manufacture (intelligent) machines, built for specific purposes, programmed to perform specific tasks. However, unlike nanomachines, neural networks are designed to work like a nerve cell system, more similar to the workings of the human or biological brain in in its physical form.
With today's complex society there is a growing need for semi-autonomous systems that can do some of the thinking and controlling for us. The logic of a neural network approximates our own thinking structures the closest and gives us the opportunity to endow specific intelligence to designed control systems.Neural Network applications
What exactly are neural networks used for? Artificial neural networks are powerful tools for use in classification, empirical modeling and pattern recognition, for example. They are useful in fields as diverse as financing and investing, business, medical, sports, science and manufacturing.
They are used to "predict" the rise and fall of stock prices, race course predictions (horse and dog racing), hospital length of stay, weather forecasting, earthquake prediction, plastics and concrete testing, gene recognition.
In the field of robotics and artificial intelligence, artificial neural networks are crucial to the development of the robotic brain, its logic, its ability to learn, its processing and analyses of input.
In view of the complexity in designing neural networks it is not surprising that computers play a major role. No computer without software and applications made for working with neural networks, such as design, logic and implementation, are becoming more plentiful and mainstream. However, this is a growth industry and as such there always room for writing your own.
On the hardware front of neural network systems great strides have been made. Mimicking or simulating a neural network can be done in different ways. The biological approach necessitates the need to grow and condition or program actual biological nerve cells into specific behavior.